بسم اللہ الرحمان الرحیم
Message Arbaeen-e-Hussaini 1434 A.H.
Quaid-i-Millat Jafariya Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi
ان الحیات عقیدۃ و جہاد
Belief is the singular of beliefs that means making a solid tie and making a strong promise and commitment and it is related with the human heart. Similarly belief means thinking and an ideology that impressed a human heart and the imagination that overcomes his mind and heart completely and then coerces it into adopting a particular life-style and remains stuck to this strong belief and ideology. That is why the human belief and ideology rule the human feelings. Our belief is that Islam is our religion because the Zaat-e-Illahi has declared it most liked religion ان الدین عند اللہ الاسلام . And Zurarah Bin A’yun quotes that he has copied from Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqar (A.S.) that he stated
الاسلام علی خمسۃ اشیاء: علی الصلاۃ، و الزکوٰۃ، و الحج، والصوم والولا یۃ
That means that there are five fundamentals on which Islam rests: (1) Nimaz, (2) Zakat, (3) Hajj, (4) Fast, (5) Wilayat.
Late Tareehi says in Kitaab Jama Al-Bahrain that Wilayat is commensurate with the love of Ahle Bait and his following of the religion. Those Ahle Bait (A.S.) whose love has been declared as Ajr-e-Risalat قل لا اسئلکم علیہ اجرا الا المودۃ فی القربی and name of one of those personalities is Hussain (A.S.) who offered a historic sacrifice for the supremacy of Islam and made the Parcham-e-Islam flutter high.
حسین وہ بااصول غازی حسین وہ معتبر نمازی کہ جس نے اپنے لہو کی سرخی سے نقش اسلام کو سنوارا
The history stands witness that the Imam Aali Muqaam (A.S.) preferred to be beheaded but did not bow down, preached a lesson to support jehad against the evil and told the human beings to live for human dignity and for the pleasure of Allah and made them understand that death in honour is better that life in disguise. That is why we consider that Wilayat of Ali Ibne Abi Talib (A.S.), love of Rasool (SAAW) and Aal-e-Rasool (A.S.) and Aza-e-Hussaini is included in our souls. That is why I have chosen the topic that life is the name of belief and struggle for it and الجہاد ماضیً الی یوم القیامۃ. Azadari-e-Imam Mazloom that is the protest of the world of oppressed against oppression and brutality and actually it is jehad for promotion of Hussainiyyat. The evil world after the Hazoor (SAAW) to-date utilised all their energy in concealing their Manaqib and today they are after Azadari and get busy the day in and day out hatching new conspiracies against it and the internal enemy is more active against it than external enemy because it has come to his knowledge that Azadari is an enlightened minaret for the protection of religion and Shariat and it is the biggest weapon; sometime he raises objection on grievous acts and tears, and sometime raises objective of Mourning with sword (Qamah) and Zanjeer-Zani and sometime declares shedding their own blood is not allowed and this blood may be given to patients instead.
غم حسین پہ جو معترض ہیں ان سے کہو غم حسین ؑ عبادت ہے زندگی کیلئے
The Holy Prophet (SAAW) shed tears on the birth of Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S.). On asking the reason, he said a rebel group will kill my this son. According to a saying the Khatoon-e-Jannat (S.A.) asked: Baba-e- Namdaar! in which era my son will have to face these problems. He said this era will be the one when neither I, neither Ali neither you, neither Hassan (A.S.) will be there.
قالت یا ابتاہ فمن یبکٰی علیہ و من یلتزم باقامۃ العزاء
Hazrat Zehra (A.S.) said: Baba Jaan! In such an era and dilapidated conditions, when my son will kiss Shahadat who will shed tears on his trouble and who will organise Majalis, Matam, and Aza. قال رسول صلی اللہ علیہ و آلہ وسلم نساء امتی یبکین علی نساء اہلبیتی و رجالھن یبکون علی رجال اہلبیتی. The Holy Prophet (SAAW) said, my dear daughter, don’t worry, women and ladies of Ismat-o-Taharat of my Ummah will shed tears on the troubles of my son and men and Mardan-e-Ahle Bait of my Ummah will shed tears after remembering his troubles. و یجددون العزاء جیلاً بعد جیل فی کل سنۃ and will revive the Azadari of your son year after year, one nation after the other فاذا کان یوم القیامۃ تشفعین انت للنساء و انا اشفع للرجال and when the Day of Judgment will dawn then you will do the intercession of those women and I will do the same for those men and whichever Momin will shed tears on Hussain (A.S.) Mazloom, we will hold his/her hand and will enter them into the heaven.
ہم لوگ دعا ئے زہرا ؑ ہیں ،شبیر کا ماتم کرتے ہیں جو دور عزا سے رہتے ہیں تقدیر کا ماتم کرتے ہیں
Today, the objection is raised that perform Azadari by remaining at home, at Imambargahs, why at roads? Azadari actually is the eternal protest against oppresssor of every era.
جو اشک پلکوں سے ڈھل رہے ہیں وہ ظلم کا رخ بدل رہے ہیں
And Quran itself permits to lodge protest against the oppressor:
لا یحب اللہ الجھر بالسوء من القول الا من ظلم و کان اللہ سمیعا علیما
God loveth not that evil. Should be noised abroad in public speech, except where injustice hath been done; for God is He who heareth and knoweth all things. (Surah Nisaa, Ayah 148)
In other words, Shariat has firmly directed that if you see any evil of any one do not make it public rather make the one understand about it in loneliness but there is any religious interest demands then making the oppression of that oppressor is called protest. According to a hadees, a person came to the Holy Prophet (SAAW) and told him that his neighbourer teases him. He advised him that you may pull out your household articles and keep it at commoin place outside. He did the same. Therefore, whoever passed through would have asked him what happened and he used to tell them about the oppressive attitude meted out to him by his neighbourer. On listening it, every passerby would have curse that neighbourer (Sunan Abi Daud. Kitaab Al-Adab) with reference Shah Fahd Quran Printing, Ministry For Islamic Affairs, Endowment, Dawa and Guidance, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
So when Quran and Sunnah have given a common man the right to raise his voice against oppression then there is no big an oppressed that Hussain Ibne Abi Talib (A.S.) and there is no big incident than Karbala. Therefore, it is included in the obligation of every Azadar to highlight the oppression of biggest oppressor of the world of oppressor Yazid and the biggest source to highlight and disseminate it the Azadari Imam Aali Muqaam on which the Yazidi world is still shivering of. Yazid and his men committed so big an oppression that if it had been concealed then there would have been no sign of religion or Shariat the world over.
The test of Imam Aali Muqaam (A.S.) began from the Fajr prayers on the Day of Ashoor and finished at Asr prayers. Imam Hussain (A.S.) carried the bodies of his faithful companions, and pious offspring and then bearing the thirst and heat, carried wounds, kissed Shahadat and reached the Hoz-e-Kausar to fench his thirst from Aab-e-Kausar. But Ummul Masaib Hazrat Zainab (S.A) Sani-e-Zehra remained involved in this mission along with her brother and was called Sharikat-ul-Hussain and then bore the tough time in the streets of Kufa and Shaam and bore the attendance in the courts of Ibne Ziad and Yazid and delivered addresses in the voice and sytle of Ali (A.S.) shattering the Yazidi courts and apprising the world about the assassins of Hussain (A.S.). Do not ever say that Yazid was the Khalifate of Rasool (SAAW), who can pass through such ordeals but it was the quality of the Khanwada-e-Risalat and the effect of Zehra’s (S.A.) milk that she bore all this with patience and forbearance and unveil Yazidiyyat and told the world that this bloodshed that was being concealed could not be concealed. It was the job done by Zainab (S.A.) daughter of Ali (A.S.) and Batool (S.A.).
حدیث عشق دو باب است کربلا و دمشق یکے حسین رقم کرد دیگرے زینب
Hussain (A.S.) belongs to all and Hussain (A.S.) belongs to Allah, every nation would call that Hussain (A.S.) is theirs which is the great blessing of Zainab (S.A.) and Zainul Abideen (A.S.). Hussain’s sacrifice is فدیناہ بذبح عظیم.
What is Azadari? . . . Not forgetting Hussain (A.H.) from memory. Therefore Imam Raza (A.S) told Rayan Bin Shabib on first of Muharram during a conversation یابن شبیب ان سرک ان تکون معنا فدرجات العلیٰ من الجنان فحزن لحزننا وفرح لفرحنا و علیک بولایتنا فلو ان رجلا تولیٰ حجرا لحشر ۃ اللہ معنا if you, Oh son of Shabib, desire to remain on a high place in the heaven with us, then observe mourning with our mourning and remain happy with our happiness and it is binding on you to remain convinced of our Wilayat and Muwaddat because if a person keeps friend with a stone then he will be brought up with that stone on the D-Day (Ayoon Akhbar Al-Raza, Edition 1).
Hussain (A.S.) is that Mazloom on whom the universe and everything in it shed tears therefore the Quran-e-Natiq Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq (A.S.) stated یا زراراۃ ان السمآ ء بکت علی الحسین اربعین صباحا بالدم Oh, Zurarah, no doubt, sky shed blood for 40 days on my oppressed forefather Imam Hussain (A.S.)
و ان الارض بکت اربعین صباحا بالسواد و ان الشمس بکت علیہ اربعین صباحا بلکسوف و الحمرۃ و ان الجبال تقطعت و ان البحار تفجرت و ان الملائکۃ بکت اربعین صباحا علی الحسین و ما اختضبت امراۃ من بنی ہاشم ولا ادھنت ولا رجلت و لا الکتحلت حتٰی آتانا راس عبید اللہ ابن زیاد فما زلنا فی عبرۃ بعدہ (Sharah Al-Masaib, part one)
And on this oppressed person earth shooked for 40 days, sun spread redness for 40 mornings and mountains were cut into pieces in Hussain’s (A.S.) mourning, rivers outflooded and angels mourned and shed tears for 40 days on Imam Hussain (A.S.). Oh, Zurarah, the day my forefather kissed Shahadat from that day onward no woman from Hashmia clan dyed their hair, not used mehndi, not pour oil in their head, not used comb, not used kohl unless the head of Ibne Ziad was brought before us (and this deed was performed by Mukhtar Saqafi that is why Imam Zainul Abideen A.S. prayed for him that Allah may pay back him well) then said, Oh, Zurarah, we Ahle Bait Risalat (A.S.) always shed tears for our oppressed forefather.
Whenever water was presented before the Fourth Imam Zainul Abideen (A.S.), he used to shed tears in a way that pot before him were filled with blood. The heads of Shuhada-e-Karbala were raised on the points of spear ahead of camels ridden by Aseeran-e-Aale Muhammad (A.S.) and the head of Syed-us-Shuhada was ahead of them all which was highly enlightened and resembled with the the Holy Prophet (SAAW). The beard of the Imam Aali Muqaam was dyed in his blood and his face was bright as moon, his beard was moving right and left. When Sani-e-Zehra’s (S.A.) eyes met the holy head of Imam Hussain (A.S.) she banged her head on the wooden ‘Mehmil’ of the camel she was riding on that blood started bleeding from her forehead. She looked toward the holy head and said, oh, brother Hussain! oh moon, that set before reaching its heights. Hazrat Rubab, the mother of Sakina (S.A.) always sat in sunlight after the Shahadat of Imam Mazloom (A.S.), she never sat in a shadow in the day as a result of which blood continuously shed from her faces skin (Book رد الھجوم عن شعائر الامام الحسین المظلوم).
The Hadi of this era Imam Al-Asr Imam Mehdi (A.S.) addressing his forefather says in Ziarat-e-Nahya. Salam from who is very sad on your troubles and is upset, Salam from who would have thrown his life into the swords had he been with you in the plains of Karbala and becoming ready to kiss death showered even the last drop of his blood on you and helped you against the rebels along with you through jehad and sacrificed his body, belongings and wealth and offspring on you, sacrifice his soul and that of his family on your soul. And when the period delayed me and stopped me from helping you, I could not fight with those who fought with you and could not stand in front of your enemies in the battlefield, so now will shed tears day and night restlessly on your troubles and will shed tears of blood from my eyes instead of simple tears. That means that the Imam Al-Asr is the biggest Azadars of this era who is shedding tears of blood instead of simple tears (this is the lesson for those persons who lure the Azadari from giving up Qama-Zani and Zanjeer-Zani and donte blood in hospitals instead).
بتلا دو اسے جو کہتے ہیں ،خوں اپنا بہانا بدعت ہے مظلوم کے حامی جو بھی ہیں تطبیر کا ماتم کرتے ہیں
Haji Mullah Sultan Ali Tibraizi who is a big Abid-o-Zahid performed Ziarat of Imam Al-Asr in his dream and asked a question from the Imam Al-Asr that you have said in the Ziarat-e-Nahiah that I will shed tears day and night restlessly on your troubles and will shed blood from my eyes instead of simple tears. Is that correct. The Imam Al-Asr said yes it is correct. Haji Mullah Sultan Tibraizi says that I submitted that which trouble is on which you shed blood instead of tears, whether it is the trouble faced by Hazrat Shahzada Ali Akbar (A.S.), he replied ‘No’. Had Hazrat Ali Akbar (A.S.) remained alive at the time of that trouble, he may also shed blood instead of tears. Sultan Ali Tibraizi says that I submitted whether it is the trouble of Ghazi Abbas (A.S.). He replied ‘No’. Rather he may also shed blood instead of tears had he been alive. I submitted was it the trouble of your oppressed forefather, he replied ‘No’. He would have also shed blood instead of tears had he been alive. Mullah Tibraizi says that
I enquired from the Imam Al-Asr that Maula then which trouble is that. He replied that trouble is the imprisonment of my Jaddah Zainab (S.A.) (Shaiftgaan-e-Imam Mehdi).
That is why when Imam Zainul Abideen (A.S.) was asked that when they faced the biggest trouble, he said Al-Shaam, Al-Shaam, Al-Shaam.
سجادؑ سے وطن میں کسی نے کیا کلام گزرے کہاں زیادہ قلق تجھ پہ یا امام
حضرت ؑ نے تین بار کہا شام شام شام سر ننگے میرا کنبہ تھا اور گرد خاص و عام
Oh, the followers of Hussain (A.S.), keep in mind that Azadari is our religious symbol that is going on for ever unabated. You are under the oblilgation to shed tears with devotion and love in Gham-e-Hussain by paying Ajr-e-Risalat and preaching Wilayat, perform Matamdari, Qamah-Zani (hitting head with swords) and Zanjeer-Zani because in it lay survival of Shariat and it guarantees our survival. Follow the will of my teacher Hazrat Imam Khomeini that he made about Azadari.
“How Syed-us-Shuhada Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S.) made us follow his ideology. The Imam Mazloom who made us coherent in this way, should we not express our grief on his Shahadat and the troubles he faced, not mourn and shed tears for him. This mourning (Azadari-e-Imam Mazloom) has kept us safe to-date, wake up, remain awake, what these satans desire from us? Whether may not fall prey to their fraudelent act, they desire to santch Azadari Imam Aali Muqaam by deceiving us, avoid their satanic tactics. It is the religious and Shariah duty of the Ulema-e-Haq to organise Majalis-e-Aza and people in general are under the obligation to participate in the Azadari of Imam Aali Muqaam with utmost honour and respect and perform Mourning with extreme devotion. Some pious hearts ask that we are observing the mourning of the Imam Mazloom for centuries, shedding tears and performing Hussaini mourning, will keep on doing so in future also but what is the use of it? If we moured the Syed-us-Shuhada the whole life and shed tears, the Imam Mazloom is not hungry of our deeds but Azadari is suitable and profitable for us (Saheefa-e-Noor, edition 8).
Do not even think of any changes in the Youm-e-Ashoor processions. Do not give these processions the shape of any long march, rather maintain them in line with your previous patterns and traditions with the same acts of Hussaini mourning, and Noha-Khwani rather maintain with more dignified manner from that of previous traditions, if possible. This is the key to success. Long march is a political things and let it separate from it. The whole country should be the Imambargah, everyone should be Zakir, everyone should be an Azadar, where would you find more unity than from here? Which nation in the world is so united as we are? Where this unity came from, it is the blessing of the Mazloom-e-Karbala. (1400 Hijra, Shab-e-Awwal Muharram, Imam Khomeini’s R.A. address to Waizeen and Zakireen at Qum Al-Muqaddash)
Not only Ayatollah Khomeini rather Marajah of every era has stated the virtue of Azadari, Qama-Zani and Tatbeer (Matam on head with sword). They kept on stressing its development. Today the whole world drive has started to donate blood to patients instead of shedding it in Gham-e-Hussain. Those who are doing so as per a saying of Imam Khomeini, “Desire to snatch Azadari Imam Aali Muqaam from us by deceiving us”. Therefore, being the clay of Azadaran-e-Imam Hussain’s feet, it is my message for Matmi Azadaran the world over to continue the chain of Aza-e-Hussaini by all means, because:
جب ہوگا سوا نیزے پہ خورشید قیامت سائے میں سیدہ ؑ کے عزادار رہیں گے
Azadari is the protest of the oppressed and no one could set the limits and boundaries of the protest to-date. The great Marajah-e-Azzam of the present era have given a fit reply to those who donate blood instead of shedding their blood in Gham-e-Hussain (A.S.). The Majah-e-Kabeer of Najaf-e-Ashraf Ayatollah Al-Uzma Al-Syed says: “There is supremacy and Sawaab in Tatbeer (Matam on head with sword). And it is not possible for us to compare and compete its Sawaab with the Sawaab of other pious matters.”
Ayatollah Al-Uzmah Almirza Jawwad Al-Tibraizi, who give Pursa to Madar-e-Hussain (S.A.) bare-footed on the Qum Al-Muqaddisa roads, says: “One who donates blood has no relation with the Azadari Syed-us-Shuhada and becoming mournful on his troubles. The propaganda of the opponents could not shatter us, they have many accusations, it is obligatory for we Momineen that we protect Syed-us-Shuhada, and the Azadari of their Ahle Bait and companions. Thus struggling for these matters is the right path for reaching the reality of the Shia faith. May Allah protect them (Sha’air Hussainia) from the evil thinking and deceptiveness of the enemies like He protected them from different period to-date and no doubt, Allah is the One Who gives strength and is Hadi leading us towards a right path.” (Kitaab Al-Sha’air Al-Hussainia, page 18)
Ayatollah Al-Uzmah Al-Syed Sadiq Al-Shirazi says: “Giving blood donation is legal but (through it) stopping the Sha’air-e-Hussainia rather even thinking of it is not commensurate with the dignity of Mawali-e-Ahle Bait (A.S.).”
Ayatollah Al-Uzmah Al-Syed Ali Hussaini Seestani states the history of Matam on head with sword in these words: “Whereas the shedding of own blood in Hussaini mourning is historically related, that is copied by Mohibuddin Tibri in his book (page No. 272 لم تکن ردۃ ), that:
ان اھل البحرین اول من ضربوا روسھم بسیوف واسالوا الدماء من ھا حزنا علی امام الحسین ؑ و ذالک بعد تسعۃ ایاب بعد استشھادۃ
(The Bahrain people first time shed their blood by hitting swords on their heads after 9 days of Imam Hussain’s Shahadat in 61 Hijra)
The detail of this incident of shedding blood in Gham-e-Hussain (A.S.) is stated that when people from Kufa sent letters to Imam Hussain (A.S.) that come to us in Kufa, then when he thought of going to Kufa, he sent letters to his Shias in different areas i.e. Syria, Yemen, Bahrain and Jabal-e-Amil and invited them to meet him in Iraq. A very big contingent led by Sa’asa’a Bin Sohan (who was one of the companions of Amirul Momineen Hazrat Ali Ibne Abi Talib A.S.) set out from Bahrain to Iraq and came to know in Basrah that Imam Hussain (A.S.) has left for Karbala. When this contingent reached Karbala, the Bani Asad informed them of Imam Hussain’s (A.S.) Shahadat. They asked about the holy grave of the Imam so they were led to the grave, they started crying hugging the grave of Syed-us-Shuhada and took out their swords and started performing Matam on their heads and through this Matam they gave a bath of Imam Hussain’s (A.S.) grave with the blood shed from their heads. (Basharat-ul-Konain Baqamat Al-Matam Ali Al-Hussain, page 84 to 85, published Najaf)
We observe Arbaeen-e-Hussaini as a Sunnah of Sharikat-ul-Hussain Syeda Zainab Binte Ali (S.A.) like all Sha’air of Azadari.
ہر رسم عزا تجھ سے زمانے میں چلی ہے تو شارح کردار حسین ابن علی ؑ ہے
When Yazid (L) released Ahle Bait Ismat and Taharat from imprisonment, then he sent Bashir, who was the follower of Khanwada-e-Ismat and Taharat, with the Ahle Bait Athaar (A.S.) to Madinah and he very protectively and safely took the Aseeran-e-Karbala to Karbala first. It is a famous saying that when this caravan reached Karbala, it was the day of Arbaeen and Sahabi-e-Rasool Hazrat Jabir Ibne Abdullah Ansari (R.A.) was already present there. Thus a hue and cry was raised, earth became shattering, sky started shivering, and Ahle Bait (A.S.) reached the Maqtal of Shuhada crying. It was like a D-Day, voices of Haey Hussain, Waey Hussain were being raised from all around and when the Sani-e-Zehra looked at the holy grave of brother Hussain (A.S.) کبت الیہ و بکت حتی غشی علیھا she wide opened her hands and hugged the grave and the greatest woman of Karbala and Sherdil daughter of Haider-e-Karrar (A.S.) fell unconscious.
گرکے ناقہ سے زینب نے دی یہ صدا قیدسے چھٹ کے بھیا بہن آگئی
In short, when the Bibi (S.A.) was not alighting from the grave by all means, tears were rolling down from her eyes, heart was imbibed with grief, Syed-us-Sajideen (A.S.) came near her and said. Phupee Amman, we have to go to Madinah, then the Sani-e-Zehra (S.A.) said, “Oh, the earth of Karbala, I hand over this Noor-e-Khuda who is the source of blessing here and the Hereafter, to you as a trust.”
The sister who could not cry on the body of his brother while going to Shaam from Karbala after her arrest, highlighted the mission of his brother in Kufa and Shaam by bearing many trouble and in the manner that today echoes of Ya Hussain are being raised from every nook and corner of the uniververse today. Today every honourable person is shedding tears in Gham-e-Hussain.
تو یوں بچھا گئی ہے بھائی کا فرش ماتم جس کو سمیٹ دینا ممکن نہیں کسی سے
On this occasion of Arbaeen-e-Hussain, I advise the Azadaran-e-Hussain (A.S.) not to fall prey to the propaganda of conspiracies in diverting them from Azadari.
رعب دستار فضیلت میں نہ آجانا کہیں شک و شبہات میں پڑ کر نہ گنوا دینایقیں
I would like to make it clear that Hussaini mourning does not need our protection; it is the protector of Shi’ite in every era. All super powers unite, all assets, all missiles, rockets, explosives, gathered could not stop way of Gham-e-Hussain (A.S.). This Hussaini mourning is guarded by the chaddarless sister of Hussain (A.S.), the chopped-off arms of Abbas Alamdar (A.S.) are its protector and it is shaded with the prays of Fatima Zehra (S.A.). Those who throw stones on Sha’air-e-Hussain (Hussaini mourning rituals) and are trying to mislead the Azadaran should fear from the mother of Hussain (S.A.) and from the day when the culprits of Daughter of Holy Prophet Sayyedah Zahra (S.A.) will find no place for them to hide. On the mournful occasion of Arbaeen-e-Hussaini and presenting condolence in the Bargah of Hujjat-e-Doran (A.S.) and Madar- e-Hussain (S.A.), we reiterate our resole to always confront the enemies of Wila and Aza.
نذرانہ یہ قبول ہو اے مادر حسین ؑ ہے اور آنسوؤں کے سوا کیا ہمارے پاس
Foot Dust of Hussaini Mourners
Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi
(Quaid Millat-e-Jafariya, Head of TNFJ)
19 Safar-ul-Muzaffar, 1434 Hijra