Compiled By: Syeda Abeeda tuz Zahra Moosavi advocate
Zilhajj, the 12th and last month of Islamic calender is the month of blessings, honour and glory. Ashaab-e-saleheen and Tabe’een were used to make great arrangements for Ibaadat in it. Holy Quran has described the Ist ten days of this month as Ayyaam-maloomaat
Some aamaal of these Ist ten days are as under:
ó Offering two rakaat prayer between Maghrib and Esha daily and in each rakat after sura al-Hamd and Sura-Tauheed following Aaya is to be recited:
“We promised Musa thirty nights, to which we added ten nights more so that the appointment with his lord took forty nights and Musa said to his brother Haroon: ‘take my place among my people and do correct them and don’t follow the path of the wrong doers”.
So he be joined in the reward of pilgrims
ó pronounce those TEHLILAAT ten times daily which have been reported from Ali-Ibne Abi Talib (A.S) and these are as follows:
On the Ist day of this month Hazrat Fatima-tuz-zahra (A.S), the daughter of Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H and his aal) Syeda-tun-nisa-el aalameen was got married to Imam-ul-muttaqeen, Ameer-ul-momeneen Hazrat Ali (A.S). Keeping fast in this blessed day is equal to the fast of 80 months in reward.
5th of this month is the day when great companion (sahabi) of Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H and his Aal), Hazrat Abu Zer Ghaffari, in praise of whom the 17th verse of Sura-e-Zumer
“Let those rejoice who keep themselves off from idol worship and turn to Allah in repentance. Give good news (of Jannat) to my servants”.
was revealed, died in the place of RABZA to where he was exiled.
Imam Baqir-ul-uloom (A.S), the son of Imam Zain-ul-Abedeen bin Hussain bin Ali ibne Abi Talib (A.S) and Hazrat Fatimah daughter of Imam Hasan bin Ali Ibne Abi Talib (A.S), was martyred in Madina Munawwara on 7th of Zilhajj in the year 114 A.H. At that time be was 57 years of age. His (A.S) Holy grave is situated in Janna-tul-Baqee which had been demolished ruthlessly on 8th Shawwal in 1926 by Aal-e-Sa’ud. Imam Baqer-ul-uloom (A.S) was of 5 years of age at the time of Waqe’a-e-Karbala (incident of Karbala). Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafariya (TNFJ) observes this grievous day as Youm-e-Gham (mourning day) throughout the country. Ziarat-e-Jamia should be recited in this day.
8 Zilhajj is Youm-e-Tarwiya. To keep fast and take bath in this day is desirable (mustahab)
This (8 Zilhajj) is also the day when Imam Hussain (A.S) converted his (A.S) Pilgrimage (Hajj) into off-seasonal Pilgrimage (Umra) and started his (A.S) journey from Makkah towards Iraq so to save the sanctity and honour of this sacred place (ka’aba).In this way heinous conspiracy of Bannu Umayyad to trample the sanctity and honour of Ka’aba by shedding blood there, had been failed
The night between 8 and 9 Zilhajj is a blessed night and called shab-e-Arafah (night of Arafah). Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H and his Aal) said: “your dua’as (prayers) are fulfilled and repentance is accepted in this night.” He who spends this night in Ibaadat will be given the reward of 170 years of Ibaadat. To take bath and recite Ziarat-e-Imam Hussain (A.S) are sunnat-e-Muakkada in this night.
9th day of Zilhajj is Roz-e-Arafah (day of Arafah). The best amal (deed) in this day is dua’a. following are some aamaal of this day as described in books of dua’as:
ó To take bath;
ó To recite Ziarat-e-Imam Hussain (A.S) it has great fazeelat and reward as compared to thousand pilgrimages (Hajj), thousand off-seasonal pilgrimages (umras) and thousand Holy wars (Jehad);
ó To keep fast;
ó To recite 47th dua’a of sahifa-e-Kamela and dua’a-e-Imam Hussain (A.S) for youm-e-arafah after asar prayer (mafateehul Jinan may be consulted for ziarat and dua’a)
In the same day (9th of Zilhajj) Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel (A.S) was martyred in the year 60 A.H in the city of koufa where he was sent by Imam Hussain (A.S) as His (Imam) envoy to look closely the situation before Imam’s arrival there. TNFJ observes this day as “Youm-e-Safeer-e-Hussainiyat” (the day of the envoy of Aal-e-Muhammad) throughout the country.
The night between 9 and 10 of this month is one of those four glorious nights in which cease to sleep and Ibaadat are desirable (mustahab) and doors of heaven remain open. Recitation of Ziarat-e-Imam Hussain (A.S) and following Dua’a are sunnat:
“O whose mercy and grace upon creatures is eternal, o who grants abundantly, o the generous invoke your blessings on the Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.b.U.H) and his pure and sin less offspring (Aal) who are the best creatures in disposition, o who is immense one forgive me in this night.”
Eid-ul- Azha is to be celeberated on 10th of Zilhajj. Some of this day’s aamaal are as follows:
ó To take bath, as it is sunnat-e-muakkada;
ó To offer eid prayer;
ó To wear new clothes;
ó To recite Dua’a-e-Nudba;
ó To sacrifice (animal) which is sunnat-e-muakkada; sacrifice may be done on 10, 11,12 Zilhajj and during pilgrimage (Hajj) also on 13 zilhajj. The meat ought to be divided in three equal parts: One for the poors (fuqara and masakeen) 2nd for the neighbours and 3rd for him and his family. If a person wants to sacrifice camel or cow then it should be female but if he is interested in sheep or goat then it should be male. If one couldn’t make arrangements for sacrifice (animal) the 7 persons even 70 are allowed to put their share in one sacrifice;
ó To pronounce following TAKBIRAAT after each prayer from salat-e-zuhr (zuhr prayer) on eid day till salat-e-Fajr (fajr prayer) on eid day till salat-e-Fajr (fajr prayer) on 12th zilhajj but for those who are in MINA till fajr prayer on 13th.
“Allah is great Allah is great, There is no God but Allah and Allah is great, Allah is great and praise is for Allah, Allah is great for He guided us. Allah is great for He has made cattles our subsistence and praise is for Allah for He examined us”.
18th day of this month is Eid-e-Ghadeer. It is the eid of Aal-e-Muhammad (A.S) and is known as Eid-e-Mo’ud in the heavens it is reported that people asked Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq (A.S). “Is there any Eid for a Muslim other than Friday, Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha”? He (A.S) replied: “yes, there is an eid which bears great status among these three eids”. People again questioned: “which one is that Eid?. “Imam answered:” that is Eid-e-Ghadeer, it is the day when Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.b.U.H and his Aal) appointed Hazrat Ali ibne Abi Talib (A.S) His (P.b.U.H and His Aal) successor in GHADEER-E-KHUM after revelation of 67th aayah of Sura-e-Ma’eda (Table):
“O Apostle, proclaim what is revealed to you from your Lord, if you don’t, you will not have conveyed his message”.
“Ali (A.S) is mula (master) of all those, of whom I am master”.
And after this proclamation 3rd verse of sura-e-Ma’eda (table) was revealed:
“This day I have perfected your religion for you and completed my favour to you. I have chosen Islam to be your faith (deen).
A Hadith of Imam Raza (A.S) goes : Allah forgives sins of 60 years of every momin and momenah in this day. So whow kindness to your brothers in Islam and make them please.
Following are some aamaal of the day:
ó Keeping fast; as it is equal to hundred pilgrimages (Hajj) and hundred off-seasonal pilgrimages (Umraas) in reward.
ó Take bath;
ó Wearing new dress;
ó Recite Ziarat-e-Ameer-ul-momeneen Ali (A.S) (three ziaraat of this day have been reported. One of them is Ziarat AMEEN-ULLAH);
ó Offer two rakaat prayer before half on hour to Zawaal time, because it was the time when Holy Prophet Muhammad appointed Ali (A.S) His (P.b.U.H and His Aal) Successor, in each rakat after recitation of sura Hamd following suras should be recited:
Sura Ikhlass —- 10 times
Aayatul Kursi —- 10 times.
And sura Qadr —– 10 times.
This prayer, which is equal to one Lakh pilgrimages (Hajj) one lakh off-seasonal pilgrimages (Umraas) in reward, is also a source of fulfillment of all needs in this world and hereafter;
ó Recite Dua’a-e-Nudba;
ó And express greatings in these words:
“Praise is for Allah who has made me from among those who are stick fast he walayat-e-Ameer-ul-momeneen and Aaimmah (A.S).”
This was the same day when Prophet Moses (A.S) defeated the magicians and appointed Yousha-bin-Noon his wasi while Christ (Prophet Esa (A.S)) to shamoon. Nimrod’s pyre (lighted in bid to burn Abraham (A.S)became cool and safe for Prophet Abraham(A.S). In this day Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H and His Aal) connected relation of akhuwwat among His companions.
24th of this month is a glorious and blessed day and momeneen celaberate it as Eid-e-Mubahala it is the day when after revelation of aayah-e-mubahala
“To those that dispute with you concerning Esa after the knowledge you have received, say:” come, let us gather our sons and your sons, our ladies and your ladies, our selves (nafs) and yourselves (nafs). Then we will pray together and call down the curse of Allah on every Iiar”.
Holy Prophet put on his Abaa over his shoulders and took Hazrat Imam Hasan, Imam Hussain, Hazrat Fatima-tuz-Zahra and Hazrat Ali (A.S) in the place of sons, ladies and selves (nafs) with him (P.b.U.H and His Aal) and said to Allah: “O God! These are my Ahle bait, place uncleanness far from them and keep them purified as they deserve”. At that time Angle Gabriel came with Aaya-e-Tatheer, revealed in their (A.S) respect:
“Allah only wishes to place uncleaness far from you Ahle bait and keep you purified.”
And when Holy Prophet along with those four Holy Personalities reached the place which was fixed for mubahala (mutual imprecation to prove truth of one’s point) Nasaara-e-Najraan saw their (Muhammad, Ali, Fatima, Hasan, Hussain) Noorani faces, a priest among them said to his people: “By God I am seeing such holy faces who if pray to get back mountain from its place, it will leave its place. So don’t do mubahala to them as this deed of yours would perish you.” Then they couldn’t dare for Mubahala.
This was same day when Hazrat Ali (A.S) gave his (A.S) ring in charity to a beggar while he was in the state of kneeling down (Raku) in prayer and at that time aaya:
“Your only masters, supporters and protectors are Allah, His Apostle and those faithfuls who attend to their prayers and give zakat (charity) while they are in the state of kneeling down (Raku)”.
Was revealed in his (A.S) praise and respect.
Following are some aamaal of this day:
ó Take bath and wearing new dress;
ó Keep fast;
ó Offering two rakaat prayer, in each rakat after sura Hamd following suras should be recited: Sura Ikhlass —– 10 times.
Auatul Kursi from
10 times and sura Qadr — 10 times;
ó To give charity to needy and poors;
ó Recitation of Ziarat-e-Jamia.
TNFJ observes 18 Zilhajj to 24th Zilhajj as Hafta-e-Walayat (Walayat Week).
Sura Hal Ataa (Sura Daher) was revealed in respect and praise of Ahle-Bait (A.S) on 25 Zilhajj when Ahle bait-e-Rasool kept fast for three days and gave food for Iftaar to the poor man, the orphan and captive and broke their (A.S) fast with water saying that “we feed you for Allah’s sake only; we seek of you neither recompense nor thanks.
then in this sura Allah gratifies their (A.S) endeavours